№1-2018 — 15

DOI: 10.22281/2413-9912-2018-02-01-124-130
Pestich S.S.
The policy of the USSR duringthe september crisis of 1970 in Jordan
The article is devoted to pressing and little studied issue: analysis of the Soviet policy during the Jordan crisis in September 1970, which has gone down in history as «Black September». During this crisis, a military confrontation took place between the army of the Jordanian King Hussein and the Palestine refugees on the Jordan territory. The Arab-Israeli conflict and the solution of the Palestinian question, as its component, over the years have been the major factors for the instability of the Middle East. Russia as a successor of the USSR is participating in the settlement of this conflict. It is very important to study the foreign-policy experience of the Soviet Union in the Middle East, especially when Russia reaffirms its active role in this region, combating international terrorism and supporting Syrian president Bashar Assad. The Soviet Union was involved in the process of Middle East settlement, and through diplomatic and military-political methods influenced the further course of this complex process. The military actions in Jordan resulted from the unresolved Arab-Israeli contradictions. The regional players of Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, and the great powers of the USSR and the United States, took part directly or indirectly in the Jordanian conflict. The Cold War and the global confrontation between the USSR and the United States also influenced on and predetermined the rivalry between the superpowers during this crisis: both countries tried to strengthen their positions in the region.
Keywords: Arab-Israeli conflict, USSR, USA, Jordan, Israel, Palestinian question, Middle East, «Black September», settlement, foreign policy.