Vasilkova V. A.


The article reveals the main directions of China’s policy, characteristic for the period of detente: the desire to deepen the split in the camp of the Communist countries by the deterioration of relations with Moscow, the development of trade-economic cooperation with the United States and the developed capitalist countries of Europe and Asia, the complex of measures aimed at strengthening the international position of the country through the establishment of diplomatic relations with a wide range of States and membership in international organizations. It is emphasized that, despite on initially detached attitude to the processes of discharge, in the future, Beijing was able to develop an optimal foreign policy strategy for itself, which allowed not only to solve a number of important issues of current political and economic development, but also to lay the foundation for China’s future accelerated growth. By analyzing the motivations underlying political action of China in the study period emphasizes such important features of detente, as it is a significant impact on the nature and content of prevailing regional and international relations, the contradiction between the global interests of the emerging world community and national goals of States, the growth of separation between actors, members of the opposing blocks.

Keywords: detente, cold war, China, USA, USSR, US-China relations, economic development of China, «Chinese card».

Lobachevsky State University of Nizhnij Novgorod(Russia)


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