№1 2021 — 03

DOI: 10.22281/2413-9912-2021-05-01-23-37

Bryantsev M.V.


Based on the analysis of the reports of the provincial press on the negotiation process, the article considers the relations between Poland and Russia until the conclusion of a truce on October 12 and the preconditions for peace. A study of provincial newspapers, such as «Tverskaya Pravda», Vologda «Red North», Novosibirsk «Soviet Siberia» and Samara «Commune», shows that the Soviet press throughout this process formed completely opposite images of Russia and Poland. Soviet Russia was painted by a country seeking the peaceful construction of a new society, in the path of which the aggressive countries of capitalism stood. And the role of Poland in this confrontation was the most important. Poland sought to become a buffer between the West and Bolshevik Russia, to which it was actively pushed by France and other capitalist countries. Poland’s behavior in the negotiation process was subject to fluctuations depending on the attitude of the allied countries to it and the situation on the fronts of the Polish-Soviet war. Only the successes of the Red Army and the fear of the final defeat of Poland made it and the allies more flexible in the negotiation process. In Soviet society, mistrust was affirmed not only of the peace proposals of the Polish side, but also of the agreements reached.

Keywords: Poland, Soviet Russia, image, negotiation process, capitalism countries, confrontation, truce, treaty.

Academician I.G. Petrovskii Bryansk State University (Russia)

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