Gafarov A.Z.

DOI: 10.22281/2413-9912-2021-05-02-23-33


The article is devoted to the participation of the Bashkir army on the Sterlitamak front during the Civil War.  The author set the task to consider in detail the events on this front. He gave a brief overview of the participation of the Bashchast in the battles against the Red Army on the side of the Whites. The events on the Sterlitamak front, where fierce battles took place between the White Bashkirs and the Red units, were particularly carefully analyzed. The study of this problem helps to reveal in more detail the little-known pages of the Civil War in Bashkortostan. The forces, condition and equipment of the Bashkir troops participating in the battles on this front are described in detail. The author focuses on the Bashkir troops, despite their serious condition, which successfully held the defense at the front, attracting large forces of the Red Army. On the basis of the report of the Chief of staff of the Sterlitamak Front, the winter events of 1919 were restored. The characteristic features of the Bashkir troops are highlighted and described. The actions on this front were one of the decisive moments of the Civil War on the territory of Bashkortostan. In conclusion, it is concluded that the fighting on this front partially led to the process of transition and further choice of the path to create the autonomy of Bashkortostan. The chronological framework of the events covered in this publication covers the period from the second half of 1918 to the beginning of 1919, the period of active battles of the Civil War on the territory of Bashkortostan.

Keywords: Civil War, Sterlitamak front, M. L. Murtazin, defense, Belobashkir units, Red Army, Bashkortostan, armament, Bashkir government.

Bashkir State University (Russia)

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