DOI: 10.22281/2413-9912-2023-07-01-18-26

Bryantsev M.V.


The current historiographical situation in the study of the events of September 1923 in Bulgaria determined the purpose of the study, which is to analyze the publications of the September events on the pages of Soviet provincial newspapers, which reflected the official position of the authorities, who tried to form a certain image of what was happening in Bulgaria. We analyzed newspaper materials, mostly from provincial Soviet newspapers from 1923. We considered not only informational materials, editorials, but also the authors’ analytical articles and reprints from central newspapers, most often Pravda and Izvestiya. Tsankov’s assumption of power on 12 June 1923 and his repressive policy toward peasant revolts and communists placed news from Bulgaria among the most topical, along with reports from Poland and, of course, Germany. The newspapers were forced to admit that the Bulgarian Communists were not ready for an uprising, although as early as August 1923 it had been decided to prepare an armed uprising in the next 2-3 years. With some delay the Soviet newspapers began to write about the success of the uprising, defining these events as a civil war and even a revolution. The defeat that followed the uprising was explained by the Bulgarian and Soviet Communists in a completely biased way. The leaders of the uprising, Kolarov and Dimitrov, saw the cause in the betrayal of one of the members of the Sofia Revolutionary Committee. Others looked for these causes in insufficient organization and lack of weapons. All this is evidence not only of a superficial assessment of events, but also of a wishful thinking. The optimism reflected in the publications about the fate of the proletarian revolution in Bulgaria in the future also testifies to this.

Keywords: Bulgaria, uprising, newspapers, civil war, communists, peasants, revolution.

Academician I.G. Petrovskii Bryansk State University (Russia)

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