Aleksandrov D. V.


The article presents the results of a study of the evolution of approaches to modeling regional development in countries with different economic and political systems. An important goal is to compare the solved regional problems and the quantitative methods used for this in a market and planned economy. An attempt was made to demonstrate how modeling is used as a tool to solve regional problems as part of regional development planning. Both growth strategies for developing regions and the problems of economically developed regions facing rapid structural changes are highlighted. The emphasis is on the distribution of resources between regions, and not on the problems of intra-regional distribution. Modeling regional development is seen as a tool that plays a constructive role in municipal, regional and national economic management and development. Regional development planning is defined as the process of solving the long-term overall structural economic problems of the regions within the country. Obviously, regional development planning has different meanings in different countries and at different levels of government. This may be due to national differences in the regional development model or a reflection of the role of planning.

Keywords: regional development, regional management, planning, territorial planning, region, national development.

Academician I.G. Petrovskii Bryansk State University


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