Krasnoperov A.A.


The article is devoted to the issue of the change of cultures in the Kama region at the turn of the Early Iron Age and the early Middle Ages, and continues the cycle of works on this issue. Earlier [8] were considered mixed complexes with local types of grave goods. The first chronological stratum is represented by the monuments of Piany Bor culture (in general, they correspond to the Middle Sarmatian time), the second, by the Mazunino culture (in general, they correspond to the Late Sarmatian time). Most works on the chronology of archaeological sites in the Kama region imply the beginning of a new culture at the same time as the ending of the previous one. In fact, the change did not take place at once or suddenly, it took a long time, the determination of which is the subject of this series of publications. Great importance for dating are Fibulae of the Sarmatian types. Only one group of fibulae — the Almgren-156 (Ambroz-15) group — is represented in burials of both the ‘Pyany Bor’ (Early Iron Age) and ‘Mazunino’ (Early Middle Ages) cultures. Two complexes belong to the early time, four — to the late. There are no later fibulas in the Pianobor culture. It is obvious that during the period of existence of these brooches, one culture changes to another. The events can be dated to the end of the 2nd – beginning — 1st half of the 3rd century. During this interval, elements of cultures existed in parallel.

Keywords: the Kama region, chronology, fibulae, Pyany Bor culture, Mazunino culture, buckles, beads, Sarmatian time

Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature, Udmurt Federal Research Center, Ural Branch of RAS (Izhevsk, Russia)

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